What Are BED BUGS?
A parasitic insect from the cimcid family, and they feed solely on blood. The common bed bug(cimex lectularius) is the best known as it main source of blood is from humans. Other species of the Cimex family focus on other animals, such as the Bat bug(Cimex Pipistrelli) found in Europe, the Cimex Pilosellus found in the western United States and the one found in the Eastern United States the Cimex Adjunctus.
Warm houses, especially sleeping areas, near to or inside beds and bedding are the favoured habitat. The name Cimex Lectularius derives from that. While not exclusively nocturnal, they are most active at night. They generally are able to feed on their host while remaining undetected.
Skin rashes, allergic sysptoms and some psychological effects are some of theadverse health effects that are commonly found. Bed bugs are not known to transmit any diseases, they are not disease vectors. The usual signs of a skin rash and the presence of adult bed bugs will confirm the diagnosis. Look for little brown or black tick marks in the seams of mattress’s.
Unfortunately Bed Bugs have been around for thousands of years. Back in the 1940’s they were almost completely gone in the developed world. Since 1995 their has been a steady increase of bed bug cases, most likely due to a developed resistance to pesticides, and the following government ban of the pesticides that were effective, and increased international travel.